Peripheral Arterial Disease (or PAD) is a condition that causes pain in the affected leg, usually with walking, running, or some other form of activity. Patients can also experience leg pain while lying flat (usually while sleeping in the middle of the night) or wounds of the legs or feet that do not heal. The disease is caused by the build-up of “plaque” within the blood vessels of the leg. The plaque limits the flow of blood to the leg, which causes the symptoms. PAD is most common in older patients, particularly in patients who smoke, have diabetes, or high blood pressure.
Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, is a very common problem that can lead to a number of health problems if it is not treated. Patients typically do not experience symptoms with mild hypertension, but if it goes untreated for longer periods of time high blood pressure can lead to more serious problems. These diseases can include stroke (bleeding in the brain), heart disease/heart attack, kidney failure, peripheral artery disease, and a number of other health problems.