Veins

Lower Extremity Swelling

Lower extremity swelling (leg swelling) is a very common problem that can occur in both men and women for a number of reasons. Most commonly patients experience swelling after standing for long periods of time that improves after lying in bed at night, but sometimes swelling remains constant. This can be associated with symptoms of pain, redness, varicose veins, or even wounds on the legs that have trouble healing. While general swelling throughout the body can be caused by kidney or liver problems, worsening lower extremity swelling over time can be caused by diseased blood vessels in the legs that are close to the skin surface. The pain and swelling can sometimes increase with walking, running, or some other form of activity. This disease is caused by the build-up of blood within the blood vessels of the leg as it is trying to return to the heart. Small valves within the veins usually push this blood back to the heart, but these valves do not work properly causing enlarged veins to form. These enlarged veins allow fluid from the blood to seep into the surrounding skin leading to swelling and discomfort.

Varicose Veins

Varicose veins are diseased blood vessels in the legs that are close to the skin and typically get larger during the day when standing for long periods of time. Sometimes patient complains of pain caused by these enlarged veins as well as their appearance. The pain can sometimes increase with walking, running, or some other form of activity. Patients can also experience wounds of the legs or feet that do not heal. This disease is caused by the build-up of blood within the blood vessels of the leg as it is trying to return to the heart. Small valves usually push this blood back to the heart, but these valves do not work properly causing enlarged varicose veins to form.